Slovakia

 

Map of SlovakiaFlag of Slovakia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Present-day Slovakia was settled by Slavic Slovaks about the 6th century. They were politically united in the Moravian empire in the 9th century. In 907, the Germans and the Magyars conquered the Moravian state, and the Slovaks fell under Hungarian control from the 10th century up until 1918. When the Hapsburg-ruled empire collapsed in 1918 following World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czech lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia to form the new joint state of Czechoslovakia. In March 1939, Germany occupied Czechoslovakia, established a German “protectorate,” and created a puppet state out of Slovakia with Josef Tiso as president. The country was liberated from the Germans by the Soviet army in the spring of 1945, and Slovakia was restored to its pre-war status and rejoined to a new Czechoslovakian state.

 

After the Communist Party took power in February 1948, Slovakia was again subjected to a centralized Czech-dominated government, and antagonism between the two republics developed. In January 1969, the nation became the Slovak Socialist Republic of Czechoslovakia.

 

Nearly 42 years of Communist rule for Slovakia ended when Vaclav Havel became president of Czechoslovakia in 1989 and democratic political reform began. However, with the demise of Communist power, a strong Slovak nationalist movement resurfaced, and the rival relationship between the two states increased. By the end of 1991, discussions between Slovak and Czech political leaders turned to whether the Czech and Slovak republics should continue to coexist within the federal structure or be divided into two independent states.

 

After the general election in June 1992, it was decided that two fully independent republics would be created. The Republic of Slovakia came into existence on 1 January 1993. The parliament in February elected Michal Kovac as president. In 1999 he was succeeded by Rudolph Schuster.

 

Vladimir Meciar, who served three times as Slovakia's prime minister was cited as the reason Slovakia was for a time eliminated from consideration for both the EU and NATO. Meciar was unseated in 1998 elections by the reformist government of Mikulás Dzurinda.

 

Dzurinda improved Slovakia's reputation in the West, but his tough economic measures made him unpopular within the country. In the September 2002 elections, the ruling coalition held onto power. In April 2004 Ivan Gasparovic won the largely ceremonial post of president by a wide majority. In 2004, Slovakia joined the EU and NATO. In May 2005, it ratified the EU constitution.

 

 

Captial:                      Bratislava

Government:              Republic

Area:                         48.845 km˛

Population:                 5.439.548 (July 2006)

Currency:                   Euro (100 cent); before 1 January 2009: Slovak crown (100 heller)

Internet TLD:             .sk

Dialling code:             +421

 

Member of:                United Nations and all specialized organizations

 

 

For more stamps see:

Czechoslovakia

 

 

 

Links

 

Slovakia in Wikipedia.

Flag of Slovakia in Flags of the World.

Website of the Philatelic Service.

Country description of the BBC.

Country description of the CIA.

Official website of the government of Slovakia.

Permanent Mission of Slovakia to the United Nations.

 

 

 

Stamp catalogue

 

UNESCO - Ján Kollar

date:                  20 May 1993

designer:            Jozef Baláž, Martin Činovský (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11Ľ

remark:              part of a series of three stamps

 

1     20                portrait, text "JÁN KOLLAR 1793-1852" and "UNESCO"

                          buff, blue, orange

                          (cat. Michel 173/SG 164/Yvert 139)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

International Year of the Family

date:                  29 April 1994

designer:            stamp: Zuzana Tóthová (11 years), Martin Činovský (engraver)

                          booklet: Mladá, Marta Činovská (graphic lay-out)

printer:               Postal Stamp Printing Office, Joint Stock Company, Prague

perforated:         11Ľ:11˝

 

2     3 Sk             children's drawing of a family with pregnant mother, hearts, IYF emblem, text "MEDZINÁRODNÝ ROK

                          RODINY 1994"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 188/SG 176/Yvert 153)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

3     15 Sk           booklet with 5 x nr. 2, children's drawing of different family members, IYF emblem, text "MEDZINÁRODNÝ

                          ROK RODINY 1994"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel -/Yvert C 153)

 

Slovakia - stamp booklet as described above

 

 

World No-Tobacco Day

date:                  31 May 1994

designer:            Zdeno Brázdil, Martin Činovský (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11˝:11Ľ

 

4     3 Sk             two cigarettes, smoke forming a cross, text "SVETOVÝ / DEŇ / BEZ / TABAKU"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 192/SG 180/Yvert 157)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

UPU 120th anniversary

date:                  1 August 1994

designer:            Oliver Solga, Rudolf Cigánik (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11Ľ:11ľ

 

5     8 Sk             boat formed out of heart, letter, pen, pencil and stamp, UPU emblem with "1874 - 1994",

                          Slovakian flag,text "SVETOVÁ POŠTOVÁ / ÚNIÁ"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 199/SG 187/Yvert 160)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

World Heritage

date:                  19 July 1995

designer:            Martin Činovský

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11Ľ:11ľ (6), 11ľ:11Ľ (7 and 8)

 

6     7 Sk             town centre with town hall and church of St. Catherine, coat of arms, text "BANSKÁ / ŠTIAVNICA"

                          and "UNESCO"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 232/SG 217/Yvert 194)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

7     10 Sk           Spiš Castle, text "SPISSKÝ / HRAD" and "UNESCO"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 233/SG 218/Yvert 195)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

8     15 Sk           village houses, Sidorovo massif, text "VLKOLÍNEC" and "UNESCO"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 234/SG 219/Yvert 196)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

UNO 50th anniversary

date:                  24 October 1995

designer:            Ján Trojan, Václav Fajt (engraver)

printer:               Postal Sationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ

remark:              issued in sheets of 8 stamps (2 x 4 and two vignettes with UNO jubilee emblem)

 

9     8 Sk             globe with faces, peace releasing dove, peace doves, angels with trumpets, UN Headquarters,

                          UNO emblem, text "1945 · OSN · 1995"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 241/SG 225/Yvert 202)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

International Year for the Eradication of Poverty

date:                  15 April 1996

designer:            Júlia Piačková, Rudolf Cigánik (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ

 

10                       souvenir sheet, maze with heart in the centre

       7 Sk             African child walking in green landscape, dry landscape, sun, text "ROK ZA ODSTRÁNENIE BIEDY"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel block 5/SG MS 233/Yvert BF 6)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

World Heritage

date:                  12 June 1997

designer:            Martin Činovský

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11˝

remark:              issued in sheets of 8 stamps (2 x 4 with World Heritage emblem)

 

11    6 Sk             Domica Cave, text "JASKYŇA DOMICA"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 280/SG 261/Yvert 238)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

12    8 Sk             Aragonit Cavern, Ochtiná, text "OCHTINSKÁ AGAGONITOVÁ JASKYŇA"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 281/SG 262/Yvert 239)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

UPU 125th anniversary

date:                  12 March 1999

designer:            stamp: František Horniak

                          booklet: Dušan Grečner, Pavel Kovařík

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11˝

 

13    4 Sk             automatic sorting line for letters, UPU emblem, text "125. VÝROČIE SPÚ" and "AUTOMATICKÁ

                          TRIEDIACA LINKA"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 336/SG 308/Yvert 297)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

14    40 Sk           booklet with 10 x nr. 13, globe surrounded by letters and Slovak post emblem, UPU emblem, text "125.

                          VÝROČIE / SVETOVEJ / POŠTOVEJ / ÚNIE"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel -/Yvert C 297)

 

Slovakia - stamp booklet as described above

 

 

International Year of Older Persons

date:                  15 June 1995

designer:            Mikuláš Klimčák, Arnold Feke (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11Ľ:11˝

 

15    5 Sk             three hands of different ages, IYOP emblem, text "MEDZINÁRODNÝ ROK / STARŠÍCH ĽUDÍ"

                          black, flesh, green

                          (cat. Michel 342/SG 318/Yvert 299)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

UPU 125th anniversary

date:                  15 July 1999

designer:            16: Marián Čapka, Pavel Kovářík (engraver)

                          17: Dušan Grečner, Pavel Kovářík (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11˝:11Ľ

 

16    12 Sk           Zilina University, computer, open book, pigeon, letter, post horn, globe, UPU emblem, text "125.

                          VÝROČIE SPÚ" and "ŽILINSKÁ UNIVERZITA"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 344/SG 320/Yvert 300)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

17    16 Sk           Slovak Post emblem with globe, UPU emblem, text "125. / výročie / Svetovej / poštovej / únie"

                          and "1874-1999"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 345/SG 321/Yvert 301)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

Albín Brunovský

date:                  18 December 1999

designer:            stamp: Martin Činovský (stamp), Rudolf Ciganík (tab)

                          booklet: Marta Činovská (graphic lay-out)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11Ľ

 

18    5 Sk             head of a young woman (part of a Czechoslovak stamp 1988), portrait, text "ALBÍN BRUNOVSKÝ 1935-1997"

                          and "DEŇ / POŠTOVEJ / ZNÁMKY" (stamp day); tab with work by Brunovský

                          brown, stone, green

                          (cat. Michel 358/SG 332/Yvert 311)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

19    45 Sk           booklet with 9 x nr. 18, head of a young woman (part of a Czechoslovak stamp 1988), text "DEŇ /

                          POŠTOVEJ / ZNÁMKY"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel MH 4/Yvert C 311)

 

Slovakia - stamp booklet as described above

 

 

World Mathematical Year

date:                  15 February 2000

designer:            Jozef Baláž, František Horniak (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11Ľ

 

20    5 Sk             portraits of Jur Hronec (1881-1959) and Štefan Schwarz (1914-1996), mathematical cube, text "SVETOVÝ

                          ROK / MATEMATIKY 2000", "JURAJ / HRONEC" and "ŠTEFAN / SCHWARZ"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 365/SG 339/Yvert 317)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

UNICEF

date:                  1 June 2000

designer:            stamp: Alexandra Baníková, Martin Činovský (graphic lay-out), Juraj Vitek (engraver)

                          booklet: Terézia Barčiaková (9 years), Marta Činovská (graphic lay-out)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11˝:11Ľ

 

21    5 50 Sk        children's drawing of different animals, UNICEF emblem

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 370/SG 342/Yvert 322)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

22    55 Sk           booklet with 10 x nr. 21, children's drawing of a circus, UNICEF emblem, text "DETSKÁ ZNÁMKA"

                          and description of UNICEF on the back

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel -/Yvert C 322)

 

Slovakia - stamp booklet as described above

 

 

Rudolf Schuster

date:                  15 June 2000

designer:            Martin Činovský after a photograph by Pavla Kastla

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11Ľ

 

23    5 50 Sk        portrait

                          brown

                          (cat. Michel 371/SG 344/Yvert 324)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

Rudolf Schuster

date:                  5 February 2003

designer:            Martin Činovský after a photograph by Pavla Kastla

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11Ľ

 

24    7 Sk             portrait

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 445)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

World Heritage

date:                  15 July 2003

designer:            Peter Augustovič, Bohumil Šneider (engraver)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ

remark:              issued in sheets of 8 stamps (4 x 4 with vignette showing various biological, historical and technical

                          objects, text "50 ROKOV / SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED" (50 years of Slovak Academy of Sciences))

 

25    9 Sk             Lake Klinger, text "BANSKOŠTIAVNICKÉ TAJCHY - KLINGER"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 463)

 

26    12 Sk           Lake Rozgrund, text " BANSKOŠTIAVNICKÉ TAJCHY - ROZGRUND "

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 464)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

Jozef Baláž

date:                  28 November 2003

designer:            Jozef Balaž, Martin Činovský (graphic lay-out)

printer:               Postal Stationery Printing House, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11Ľ

 

27    12 Sk           design for the souvenir sheet UPU 110th anniversary (Czechoslovakia 1984), tab with self-portrait,

                          text "DEŇ POŠTOVEJ ZNÁMKY" (stamp day) and "* 1923 / JOZEF BALÁŽ"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 475/Yvert 405)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

Solidarity with Asia

date:                  31 March 2005

designer:            Arnold Feke (graphic lay-out)

printer:               PTC, Prague

perforated:         11ľ:11˝

remark:              printed in sheets of 8 stamps (2 x 4); part of the proceeds go to UNICEF Slovensko to support relief

                          programs in Indonesia aimed at the health and nutrition of children and pregnant women

 

28    25 Sk           pencil drawing 'Poor mother' by František Studený (1944-1945), Orava Gallery, Dolný Kubín, text "SOLIDARITA

                          S ÁZIOU" and "FRANTIŠEK STUDENÝ / CHUDOBNÁ MATKA 1944-45 / ORAVIKA GALÉRIA DOLNÝ KUBÍN"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 510/Yvert 442)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

International Year of Physics

date:                  16 May 2005

designer:            Zdeno Brázdil

printer:               WSP - Cartor, France

perforated:         13˝

remark:              the stamp also commemorates the Slovak physician Dionýz Ilkovič (1907-1980)

 

29    18 Sk           lightning, text "SVETOVÝ ROK FYZIKY - D. ILKOVIČ"

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 514/Yvert 446)

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

International Year of Astronomy

date:                  28 May 2009

designer:            Marián Komáček

printer:               Poštovní tiskárna cenin, Praha, Czech Republic

perforated:         11ľ:11Ľ

remark:              printed in sheets of 8 stamps (2 x 4)

 

30    0,90 €          symbolic representation of man in space, rocks, Europa emblem

                          multicoloured

                          (cat. Michel 615/Yvert )

 

Slovakia - stamp as described above

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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last revised: 13 August 2009